Information Sheet

Beyond the binary: Gender Diverse experiences of Physical Education 

Participant Information Sheet

Investigators Details:

Hannah Kettley-Linsell, Loughborough University, Epinal Way, Loughborough, LE11 3TU,

Dr. Rachel Sandford, Loughborough University, Epinal Way, Loughborough, LE11 3TU,, 01509 226392 

Dr. Gemma Witcomb, Loughborough University, Epinal Way, Loughborough, LE11 3TU,, 01509 223084

Invitation paragraph

We would like to invite you to take part in our research study. Before you decide whether you wish to participate it is important that you understand why the research is being carried out and what it would involve for you. Please take the time to read the following information carefully and discuss it with others if you wish. If there is anything that is not clear or you require more information, a member of our team will answer any questions you have. 

What is the purpose of the study?

Physical education (PE) tends to be delivered in single-sex environments, where young people participate with those of the same gender. The organisation of PE in this way does not take into consideration young people who identify as transgender or non-binary.

This research aims to explore gender diversity within Physical Education (PE). Specifically, it aims to identify ways that PE can be gender inclusive through understanding the personal experiences of those who identify as transgender and non-binary. This study hopes to identify inclusive practices for schools which better include gender diverse young people. 

Who is doing this research and why?

The primary researcher for this study is Hannah Kettley-Linsell. The study will be supervised by Dr Rachel Sandford and Dr Gemma Witcomb. This study is part of a PhD research being undertaken at Loughborough University. 

Are there any exclusion criteria?

To take part in this research, you must be between the ages of 18 and 25, identify as transgender or non-binary and have participated in PE during your time in a UK secondary school. 

What will I be asked to do?

You are invited to complete an online questionnaire, which should take around 20 minutes to an hour, depending on the length of answers given. The questionnaire is designed to ask the participant questions which elicit personal experiences regarding their experiences of PE in secondary education, as well as their perceptions about gender inclusivity in PE. 

Once I take part, can I change my mind?

After you have read this information and asked any questions you may have, if you are happy to participate, we will ask you to complete an Informed Consent Form. However, if at any time, before, during or after the session you wish to withdraw from the study please just contact the main investigator.  You can withdraw at any time, for any reason and you will not be asked to explain your reasons for withdrawing.

However, once the results of the study have been submitted (expected to be by October 2021), it will not be possible to withdraw your individual data from the research. 

 Will I be asked to attend any sessions and where will these be?

The questionnaire is accessible online, therefore can be completed anywhere the participant wishes. There is a section at the end of the questionnaire which gives the participant the opportunity to partake in an interview to further discuss their experiences. These interviews can be carried out via telephone. 

How long will it take?

The questionnaire will take between 20 minutes to an hour, depending on the length of answers given by the participant. 

Are there any disadvantages or risks in participating?

Participants may find some of the questions cause them distress. If any distress is experienced as a result of discussion about gender and identity, we advise participants contact any of the local support groups that can be found here:

Data Protection Privacy Notice

Loughborough University will be using information/data from you in order to undertake this study and will act as the data controller for this study. This means that the University is responsible for looking after your information and using it properly. Loughborough University will keep identifiable information about you for 6 years after the study has finished. The University’s Data Protection Officer can be contacted at:

The purpose of the study is primarily to investigate the experiences of transgender and non-binary individuals within UK PE and their perceptions about gender inclusivity in PE. This information will be drawn upon in the completed study, but participants will remain anonymous. 

If the participant completes the section at the end inviting them to participate in an interview to further discuss the topic, the researcher will require contact details in order to arrange a meeting. This data will only be used for contact purposes. In order to keep the participants identity confidential, their name will be replaced by a pseudonym so that they cannot be identified. 

What is the legal basis for processing my personal information?

Personal data will be processed on the public task basis. Individuals’ rights to erasure and data portability do not apply if you are processing on the basis of public task. However, individuals do have a right to object. 

How long will my personal information be retained?

We will keep identifiable personal information about you for 5 years after the study has finished.  

Will my personal information be shared with others?

The personal information collected will be shared with investigators involved with the study. 

Will my taking part in this study be kept confidential?

All the information collected during the course of the research will be kept strictly confidential. Physical information, such as signed consent forms, will be kept in a locked filing cabinet only accessible by the investigators. Participants names and contact information will be stored upon a password protected computer, only accessible by the investigators. Information used in the final study will have participants name removed and replaced by a pseudonym so that they cannot be identified. 

How will the anonymised data/results collected from me be used?

The results of the study will be written up and published as part of a doctoral thesis, as well as in relevant journal publications and conference papers. They may also be used to inform the development of guidelines for schools and sports clubs. 

How long will the anonymised data/results be retained?

The anonymised data and results will be retained until the completion of the study. Data will not be archived to a data repository. 

I have some more questions; who should I contact?

If you have any queries or concerns, please contact Hannah Kettley-Linsell using the contact information above.

What if I am not happy with how the research was conducted?

If you are not happy with how the research was conducted, please contact the Secretary of the Ethics Approvals (Human Participants) Sub-Committee, Research Office, Hazlerigg Building, Loughborough University, Epinal Way, Loughborough, LE11 3TU.  Tel: 01509 222423.  Email:

The University also has policies relating to Research Misconduct and Whistle Blowing which are available online at . 

If you require any further information regarding the General Data Protection Regulations, please see:

The purpose and details of this study have been explained to me.  I understand that this study is designed to further scientific knowledge and that all procedures have been approved by the Loughborough University Ethics Approvals (Human Participants) Sub-Committee.

I have read and understood the information sheet and this consent form

I understand that the sensitive personal information collected will be my name, age, gender identity and contact details.

I understand that sensitive personal information regarding my gender identity and past experiences will be collected during this study.

I understand that I am under no obligation to take part in the study, have the right to withdraw from this study at any stage for any reason, and will not be required to explain my reasons for withdrawing.

Use of Information

I understand that all the personal information I provide will be processed in accordance with data protection legislation on the public task basis and will be treated in strict confidence unless (under the statutory obligations of the agencies which the researchers are working with), it is judged that confidentiality will have to be breached for the safety of the participant or others or for audit by regulatory authorities.

I understand that information I provide will be used for research outputs, publications and reports.

I understand that personal information collected about me that can identify me, such as my name or contact information, will not be shared beyond the study team.

I agree that information I provide can be quoted anonymously in research outputs.

Please tick this box to confirm you have read the information above and voluntarily agree to take part in this research. Required